How to Reserve Public Virtual IP Addresses in Microsoft Azure
Not to be confused with the internal static IP addresses that can be assigned to Azure virtual machines, in this Ask the Admin I’ll show you how to reserve public virtual IP addresses in Microsoft Azure.
Microsoft Azure IP Addressing
Before we look at how to reserve virtual IP addresses (VIPs) in Azure, let’s quickly recap Azure IP addressing. For more information on how to specify a static internal IP address as part of a VM’s configuration, see the Petri IT Knowledgebase article, “How to Easily Assign a Static IP Address in Microsoft Azure.”
External Public IP Addresses
The public virtual IP address (or VIP) of the cloud service hosting a VM is the IP address used to connect to the VM from the Internet. If all the VMs in a cloud service are shut down and deallocated from the Azure fabric, then the VIP assigned to the cloud service is released.
At the time of writing, Azure doesn’t support reserving VIPs for Affinity Group based Virtual Networks, or VMs or cloud services that already exist; although Microsoft does plan to add this functionality in the near future.
Reserving Public IP Addresses
Microsoft recommends that instead of reserving VIPs, you should use a DNS CNAME record to point to the DNS name of the cloud service, such as myservicename.cloudapp.net, as opposed to creating a record with the cloud service’s VIP. But is some cases it’s necessary to refer to a cloud service by its VIP, such as when defining a firewall ACLs.
VIPs can only be reserved using PowerShell, so you’ll need to set up the latest PowerShell tools for Azure and make a secure connection to your subscription as outlined in “Setup Windows Azure PowerShell Management.”
Using the New-AzureReserverIP PowerShell cmdlet to create a VIP reservation. (Image: Russell Smith)
Using the New-AzureReservedIP PowerShell cmdlet
After specifying all the necessary variables for my new VM and cloud service in the script below, I use the New-AzureReservedIP cmdlet to create a VIP reservation called ReservedIP1. Note that you cannot specify the IP address itself, because it’s automatically assigned by Azure.
The only difference in the rest of the script from creating a VM without a VIP reservation is that the ReservedIPName is added to the New-AzureVM cmdlet, with the name of the reserved IP address as specified using the New-AzureReservedIP cmdlet.
In the following example, I’m adding a standalone Windows Server to an already existing virtual network:
# Define variables for new VM and cloud service
$vmName = "CONTOSOSRV5"
$serviceName = "contosoSRV5"
$password = "Passw0rd!"
$username = $vmName + "admin"
$vnetName = "CONTOSO"
$subNet = "Subnet-1"
$location = "North Europe"
$instanceSize = "Medium"
$imageName = “a699494373c04fc0bc8f2bb1389d6106__Windows-Server-2012-R2-201407.01-en.us-127GB.vhd”
# Create a new reserved VIP
New-AzureReservedIP –ReservedIPName “ReservedIP1” –Label “VIP1” –Location $location
# Configure settings for the new VM and cloud service
$newVM = New-AzureVMConfig -Name $vmName -InstanceSize $instanceSize -ImageName $imageName -DiskLabel "OS"
$newVM | Add-AzureProvisioningConfig –Windows -AdminUsername $username -Password $password -DisableAutomaticUpdates
$newVM | Set-AzureSubnet -SubnetNames $subNet
# Create the new VM and cloud service using the reserved VIP
New-AzureVM -ServiceName $serviceName -VMs $newVM -VNetName $vnetName -Location $location -ReservedIPName "ReservedIP1" -WaitForBoot
Once you run the script and the new VM is running, go to the Azure management portal and make a note of the Public virtual IP (VIP) on the VM dashboard. Now shut down the VM from inside the portal, wait for the VM’s status to change to Stopped (deallocated) and then restart the VM. You will see that the same VIP is assigned.
Removing Reserved Public IP Addresses
If you are no longer using a reserved VIP, it’s important to delete it otherwise charges will be incurred on your subscription. To remove a reserved VIP, use the following command:
Remove-AzureReservedIP -ReservedIPName "ReservedIP1" –Force
Reserved VIP Pricing
You can reserve up to five VIPs on your Azure subscription, and you will not be charged as long as they are being used, i.e. that there is at least one active VM or web/worker instance hosted by the cloud service.
If you need more than 5 reserved VIPs, it’s possible to reserve a maximum of 100 by contacting Azure support. For more information on pricing, see Reserved IP Address Pricing Details on the Azure website.