How to Install the full UI on Windows Server 2016
If you should install the Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 2 (TPv2), then you’re in for a big surprise. For every server that’s installed with TPv2, there’s no full UI. Welcome to Jeffery Snover’s (@jsnover), Lead Architect for the Windows Server Division at Microsoft, vision for Windows Server.
No GUI by Default
When you install recent versions of Windows Server, you have a choice of installation type:
- Full user interface: the Windows UI that you have known all your career
- Server Core: The stripped back to CMD and PowerShell UI that Microsoft wants us to use
Microsoft has evangelized use of Server Core since the launch of Windows Server 2008. Many of us tried it, found it unmanageable, and reverted back to a full installation. It wasn’t that we hated remote administration or automation, the presence of a UI on the server has absolutely nothing to do with that. The issue was that it is impossible to troubleshoot a server, as was clearly demonstrated at Microsoft Ignite during one of Snover’s Nano Server presentations when a new server failed to join a cluster.
- Related: Microsoft Announces Nano Server
The message of “treat your servers like cattle, not like pets” line falls flat when you don’t run a massive organization made up of born-in-the-cloud applications. When you live in a world with dodgy applications, screaming bosses, and bad drivers and firmware being approved in the Windows Server HCL, then rescuing servers becomes important. Our servers are not pets for most us, they are sacred cows.
Passwords Haven’t Disappeared Yet
123456. Qwerty. Iloveyou. No, these are not exercises for people who are brand new to typing. Shockingly, they are among the most common passwords that end users choose in 2021. Research has found that the average business user must manually type out, or copy/paste, the credentials to 154 websites per month. We repeatedly got one question that surprised us: “Why would I ever trust a third party with control of my network?
The first clue of a change is when you install Windows Server 2016 TPv2. The choice of a full UI or Server Core is replaced by:
- Install Windows Server 2016 in what is now known as “Server” and used to be known as Server Core.
- Install Windows Server 2016 with the administration tools, which is what we know as MinShell.
There is no option to install Windows Server 2016 with the full UI, what is now dubbed as the client by Microsoft.
The following image is what you see when you log into a machine with the local admin tools, which includes Server Manager and the command prompt, and nothing else. You can see what it looks like in my captured image of Windows Server 2016 in a Hyper-V virtual machine:
If you agree with this change of default UI, disagree with it, or want it slightly modified, then I would encourage you to speak up on the Windows Server feedback site. Through this feedback site, you can vote on existing suggestions or submit your own. Now you have no excuse for grumbling about something you don’t like. Speak up, have your opinion measured, and if enough people agree with you, then you might force a change.
Installing the full UI on Windows Server 2016
There are two ways to get your UI back. The quickest way is to run PowerShell from the command prompt. You can run the following cmdlet to install the full UI and reboot the server:
Install-WindowsFeature Server-GUI-Shell -Restart
The alternative method is to use Server Manager to add the Server Graphical Shell feature to Windows Server 2016 TPv2. The change will require the server to reboot.
Maybe you’ll add the full UI to all of your servers, or maybe you’ll add it to a few servers to allow central administration of lots of other MinShell, Core, or Nano servers.