Microsoft Exchange Intelligent Message Filter is a product developed by Microsoft to help companies reduce the amount of unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), or spam, received by users. You can read more about IMF on the page.
When an external user sends e-mail messages to an Exchange server with Intelligent Message Filter enabled, IMF evaluates the textual content of the messages and assigns the message a rating based on the probability that the message is UCE or spam. All incoming messages are marked with a Spam Confidence Level (or SCL) rating, regardless of the rating threshold you set. This rating is saved with the other message properties and these properties are sent with the message to other Exchange servers (you might want to read Archiving the SCL Rating in Intelligent Message Filter).
In Gateway Blocking Configuration, select the rating in Block messages with an SCL rating greater than or equal to above which Intelligent Message Filter takes action on this message.
If a message has a rating higher than the gateway threshold, IMF takes the action specified. If the message has a rating below the gateway threshold, the message is sent to the Exchange mailbox store of the recipient. At the Exchange mailbox store, if the message has a higher rating than the mailbox store threshold, the mailbox store delivers the message to the user’s Junk E-mail folder rather than to the Inbox.
Intelligent Message Filter does not need to be installed on Exchange mailbox servers. If Intelligent Message Filter is installed and enabled on the gateway SMTP virtual servers, Exchange mailbox servers receive the SCL rating with each incoming Internet message and take the appropriate action.
Note: The Intelligent Message Filter is not supported in a clustered environment. Therefore, Intelligent Message Filter updates are not offered to Exchange Server 2003 servers in a clustered environment.
System Requirements: Supports Windows 2000 Service Pack 3, Windows 2000 Service Pack 4, and Windows Server 2003. Requires Exchange Server 2003.
Note: IMF used to be a stand-alone tool downloadable from Microsoft. Although one can still download and install it separately (here, if you insist), IMF is now an integral part of Exchange Service Pack 2 (SP2).
Read more about IMF on the Block Spam with Exchange 2003 Intelligent Message Filter, Installing Intelligent Message Filter with Exchange 2003 SP2 and Update Intelligent Message Filter in Exchange Server 2003 SP2 pages.
Exchange Server 2003 SP2 already has IMF v2 bundled with it. Therefore, the moment you install SP2 you already have IMF. However, you do need to manually enable and configure it to work.
Read the Installing Intelligent Message Filter with Exchange 2003 SP2 page for more info.
Configuring Intelligent Message Filter involves two settings:
Gateway Blocking Configuration – In Gateway Blocking Configuration, you establish a threshold based on a spam confidence level (SCL) rating above which the gateway server takes action on the message. You also define the type of action you want the gateway to take.
Store Junk E-mail Configuration – In Store Junk E-mail Configuration, you define the thresholds based on an SCL rating that Microsoft Exchange 2003 mailbox stores use to determine whether to deliver messages to a user’s Inbox or Junk E-mail folder.
In order to configure IMF follow these steps:
Note: There is a known bug (or issue as Microsoft like to call it) with the SCL threshold. Read Bug in Intelligent Message Filter Interface for more information.
After you configure Intelligent Message Filter, you must enable this filter on all inbound gateway SMTP virtual servers. You do NOT need to enable IMF on ALL Exchange servers, do so only on the server(s) that is responsible for the incoming SMTP traffic.
Since now IMF is installed as an integral part of SP2, the IMF settings that need to be configured under the SMTP Virtual Server are no longer a subfolder node of the SMTP Virtual server as it was prior to SP2.
Make sure you monitor your Junk Mail folder. Test your e-mail software (it does not necessarily have to be Outlook) and make sure you don’t have too many false positives. If you do, or if you see that legitimate e-mail is deleted or treated as junk you can always go back to the IMF configuration screen and lower your SCL rating. In order to view the SCL rating and understand how it works read the Display SCL Level in Outlook 2003, Display SCL Level in OWA 2003 SP2, Archiving the SCL Rating in Intelligent Message Filter and View Intelligent Message Filter Archive articles.
Note: IMF v2 will ignore messages that have attachments with the size of 3MB or larger. This is by design.
If you’re running Exchange 2003 SP2 you can (and should) read the Updating Intelligent Message Filter in Exchange Server 2003 SP2 page.
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