Hyper-V

Microsoft Releases Virtual Machine Converter 3.0

Microsoft has released Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter (MVMC) 3.0. This third version of this Microsoft virtualization converter tool fills a gap that has existed in Microsoft’s cloud and virtualization portfolio since the release of the 2012 R2 generation of Windows Server and System Center; Microsoft now has a tool for performing physical-to-virtual (P2V) conversions.

What is the Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter (MVMC)?

Microsoft released the second version of their free conversion tool, MVMC 2.0, in April of this year. At the time, I posted that this tool was supplanting System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM) as the conversion tool of choice. SCVMM had previously been the chosen method for converting physical and VMware machines into Hyper-V computers, but it was quite fiddly, and it didn’t deal with the complexity of replacing the VMware tools with the Hyper-V integration components. It’s also Microsoft-centric, as SCVMM didn’t convert Linux guest OS virtual machines. When SCVMM 2012 R2 was released, many were shocked to find that the P2V functionality, as flaky as it was, was removed. That left people seeking third-party alternatives or temporarily installing the previous release of SCVMM (SCVMM 2012 SP1) to convert any remaining physical machines into Hyper-V virtual machines.

In April, Microsoft announced their intentions with the release of MVMC 2.0. This free tool offered virtual-to-virtual (V2V) conversions from vSphere that handled the VMware tools and support was added for migrating Linux guest OSs and for migrating virtual machines to Azure. Microsoft also announced that they were planning to release MVMC 3.0 in the fall of 2014 and that this next version would add support for P2V conversions.

MVMC 3.0

As promised, MVMC 3.0 was released by Microsoft in the fall of 2014. The highlight of the release is that it supports the conversion of online physical computers running either Windows Server and later 2008 or Windows Vista and later into Hyper-V virtual machines.

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Using the Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter 3.0 to do a P2V conversion for Hyper-V
Converting a physical machine into a Hyper-V virtual machine using MVMC 3.0. (Image: Aidan Finn)

Here is a summary of the other features of this tool:

  • Performs V2V conversions of VMware virtual machines
  • Can convert online and offline vSphere virtual machines
  • vSphere VMDK files can be converted into VHD file and uploaded into Azure for use as Azure virtual machines
  • When converting to Hyper-V virtual machines, you can convert VMD files into VHDX files
  • It will uninstall the VMware tools from online VMware virtual machines during a conversion
  • PowerShell support for automation and orchestration

At this point I have been unable to discover if the Migration Automation Toolkit for MVMC (MAT4MVMC) has been or is planned to be upgraded to support this new version of MVMC. This package of scripts can be used to automate the conversion of machines, and this has proven to be valuable when dealing with a large scale conversion project. For example, orchestrated jobs can be constructed and published by System Center Service Manager to enable cloud tenants to request an automated conversion of their virtual machine from vSphere to Hyper-V.

MVMC 3.0 System Requirements

The supported configurations for MVMC 3.0 are as follows:

  • VMware sources: ESXi/ESX 5.5, 5.1, and 4.1 and vCenter 5.5, 5.1, and 4.1.
  • Destination Hyper-V hosts: Windows Server 2012 R2 (DC/Std), Windows Server 2012 (DC/Std), Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 (DC/Ent/Std).
  • MVMC can be installed on: Windows Server 2012 R2 (DC/Std), Windows Server 2012 (DC/Std), Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 (DC/Ent/Std).
  • Supported Microsoft guest OSs for Hyper-V conversion: Windows Server 2012 R2 (DC/Std), Windows Server 2012 (DC/Std), Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 (DC/Ent/Std), Windows Server 2008 (DC/Ent/Std x86/64), Windows 8 (Ent/Pro x86/x64), Windows 7 (Ent/Pro/Ult x86/x64), Windows Vista (Ent x86/x64).
  • Supported Linux guest OSs for Hyper-V conversion: RedHat Enterprise Linux (6/5 x86/x64), Ubuntu (12.04/10.04 x86/x64), SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (x86/x64), CentOS (6/5 x86/x64), Debian GNU/Linux 7 (x86/x64), Oracle Linux (6/5 x86/x64).
  • Supported Microsoft guest OSs for Azure conversion: Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard, Windows Server 2012 Standard/Datacenter, Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard/Enterprise/Datacenter/Web, Windows Server 2008 Standard/Enterprise/Datacenter (x64 only).
  • Supported Linux guest OSs for Azure conversion: RedHat Enterprise Linux (6/5 x86/x64), Ubuntu (12.04 x86/x64), SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (x86/x64), CentOS (6/5 x86/x64), Debian GNU/Linux 7 (x86/x64), Oracle Linux (6/5 x86/x64).
  • Supported OSs for P2V conversion: Windows Server 2012 R2 (Std/DC), Windows Server 2012 (Std/DC), Windows Server 2008 R2 (std/Ent/DC), Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 (Ent/DC), Windows Server 2008 (x86/x64), Windows 8.1 (x64), Windows 8.0 (x64), Windows 7 (x86/x64)

This information is paraphrased from the document that is included in the MVMC download. Note that the early release of this document has numerous errors so the above information is subject to change.

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Aidan Finn, Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP), has been working in IT since 1996. He has worked as a consultant and administrator for the likes of Innofactor Norway, Amdahl DMR, Fujitsu, Barclays and Hypo Real Estate Bank International where he dealt with large and complex IT infrastructures and MicroWarehouse Ltd. where he worked with Microsoft partners in the small/medium business space.
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